Shipping Terms Glossary

Shipping Terms Glossary
Carriage & Insurance Paid to Incoterm (CIP)

Carriage & Insurance Paid to Incoterm (CIP)

CIP is most commonly used for manufactured goods with higher value.

What is Carriage & Insurance Paid To (CIP)?

CIP is one of the 11 International Commercial Terms (Incoterms) used in trade, where the seller is required to:

1. Arrange and pay for insurance of the goods in transit. Under CIP, the seller is obligated to insure goods in transit for 110% of the contract value .

2. Arrange and pay for transportation costs from the factory to the agreed place (named place).

Bookairfreight What is Carriage & Insurance Paid to (CIP) ?

🚨 Point of Risk Transfer!

When the seller delivers the goods to the first carrier, the seller no longer guarantees that the goods will arrive at the agreed place in good condition. At that point, the risk of the goods getting lost or damaged is transferred to the buyer.

When should you choose CIP?

CIP is most commonly used for manufactured goods with higher value , because the seller is responsible for the entire transportation process, including insurance.

Simple Scenario Time - Incoterm CIP:

E-Commerce Owner (Buyer): Amy runs an E-commerce store that sells luxury home decor pieces.

  • She manufactures the goods in China.
  • Her warehouse is in Los Angeles, US.

Supplier (Seller): A manufacturer located in China.

Agreed Terms: CIP Freight Forwarders Warehouse, Los Angeles.

Seller’s duties: In charge of paying for transportation and Insurance of goods to the agreed place (forwarder's warehouse) in Los Angeles.

Buyer’s duties: In charge of all import clearance and unloading costs at the warehouse.

Point of Risk Transfer: When the supplier delivers the goods to the freight carrier in China, the risk of the goods must be transferred to Stella (buyer).

Cost allocation. Who pays for what under CIP:

‍Cost allocation - who should pay what under CIP

How much insurance does the seller cover?

Under CIP, the sellers are legally required to insure the goods for 110% of the Total Declared Value .

Some buyers may feel that 110% coverage is not enough protection. If so, buyers can take it up with the seller and ask for more coverage.

What is the difference between CIP and CPT ?

The only difference is insurance!

Under CIP , the seller is legally obligated to buy insurance for the goods at 110% of their value.

Under CPT , there is no legal obligation to buy insurance but the buyer purchase it if they wish to .

Cristian Ungureanu

Logistics nerd and resident marketing guy of Bookairfreight. I love writing content that simplifies old-fashioned industry processes and provides solid, accurate information you can base your decisions on. Outside of logistics, I enjoy nature, hanging out with friends, electronic music and spirituality.

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